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First self-cleaning toilet at RML Hospital
The hi-tech public toilet installed near Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in New Delhi. — Photo: Shiva Kumar Pushpakar
Delhi’s first bio-digesting toilet was installed by the Delhi Urban Arts Commission (DUAC) opposite Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital on Friday. The prototype inaugurated by Urban Development Secretary Sudhir Krishna is one of four shortlisted designs. It was designed by DUAC chairman Raj Rewal who is better known for designing iconic spaces and structures such as the Parliament Library, Asiad Village, Metro Bhawan and Visual Institutional Arts Campus in Rohtak,.
The technology used has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and currently finds use in the armed forces at high altitude bases like the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir.
This prototype uses aluminium sandwiched honeycomb panels with stainless steel veneering for durability. The fluids discharged are treated by bacteria that convert it into water and a negligible amount of odourless non-toxic gas. This takes place in an underground chamber within a duration of three days. The water is fit for horticulture, a DUAC source explained. The unit is manufactured at Mohan Rail Components in Kapurthala, Punjab.
The source added that while the initial cost of a twin-toilet — one each for women and men — was Rs.2.3 lakh, if mass produced, a single unit could cost Rs.1 lakh. The DUAC plans to install 200 such units all over Delhi. “The NDMC has given us two more sites. These include one at Safdarjung Hospital and one near Lady Irwin College. We are in talks with all municipal corporations,” the source added.
New Delhi: Bio-toilets developed by DRDO today earned praise from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
New Delhi: Bio-toilets developed by DRDO today earned praise from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who said that these could go a long way in solving the problem of open defecation in rural India.
He said if these green, cost effective flush and forget technology is successfully implanted, it will give a big boost to our Total Sanitation Campaign.I was very happy to learn that DRDO in collaboration with FICCI has developed a bio-toilet that promises to solve the problem of open defecation in rural India,the Prime Minister said addressing a DRDO awards function here.
Singh said,Application of technology to social benefit programmes should be expanded further. Recently, Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh had said that India had emerged as the world capital of open defecation and this was a matter of shame, anguish, sorrow, anger. He had said that the government intended to rid the country of open defecation in the next 10 years and added that the bio-toilets would also help in curbing manual scavenging which was still prevalent in about 15 lakh insanitary latrines.
DRDO bio-toilet is based on anaerobic biodegradation of organic waste by unique microbial consortium and works at a wide temperature range. The consortium has been made through acclimatisation, enrichment and bio-augmentation of cold-active bacteria collected from Antarctica and other low temperature areas. The Defence Ministry and the Rural development Ministry have also signed MOUs for installing these toilets in over one lakh gram panchayats in next few years.
Order received from Indian Railways for more than 900 units
New Delhi: With Railways a “big headache” to efforts to make the country open defecation free, Indian railways has authorized MRC, KPT to manufacture more than 900 units of bio-toilets to eliminate all such faecal waste, out of which 300 units are already into service of Indian railways, further plans to install the same eco-friendly bio-toilets in all 50000 coaches in five years. The total cost for retrofitting bio-toilets in all coaches would be about Rs 500 crores.
Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh, who also holds the portfolio of Drinking Water and Sanitation, said that at present only nine trains with 436 coaches are fitted with bio-toilets, while 4,000 coaches are produced annually which could be fitted with these new bio-toilets developed by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).